# Exercise-9 (Computation of ending inventory under FIFO and LIFO)

Alpha Merchandising Company purchases product DX-5 directly from manufacturers and sells it to small retailers as well as customers. The following transactions occurred during the last month of  2022:

• Dec. 01: 800 units on hand @ \$40 each.
• Dec. 08: 600 units sold @ \$76 each.
• Dec. 14: 1,200 units purchased @ \$50 each.
• Dec. 18: 1,080 units sold @ \$76 each.
• Dec. 30: 800 units purchased @ \$60 each.

Required:

1. Assuming Alpha Merchandising Company uses periodic inventory method, compute the cost of inventory on hand at December 31, 2022 under the following cost flow assumptions:
(a). First in, first out (FIFO)
(b). Last in, first out (LIFO)
2. Assuming Alpha Merchandising Company uses a perpetual inventory method, compute the cost of inventory on hand at December 31, 2022 under the following cost flow assumptions:
(a). First in, first out (FIFO)
(b). Last in, first out (LIFO)

## Solution:

### (1) Periodic inventory method:

Number of units on December 31, 2022 = Units in beginning inventory + Units purchased during the month – Units sold during the month
= 800 units + *2,000 units – **1,680 units
= 1,120 units

*1,200 + 800
**600 + 1,080

#### a. FIFO method:

Cost of inventory on December 31, 2022 = (800 units × \$60) + (320 units × \$50)
= \$48,000 + \$16,000
= \$64,000

#### b. LIFO method:

Cost of inventory on December 31, 2022 = (800 units × \$40) + (320 units × \$50)
= \$32,000 + \$16,000
= \$48,000

### (2). Perpetual inventory method:

We can determine the value of ending inventory by preparing two perpetual inventory cards – one using FIFO method and one using LIFO method.

#### a. FIFO method:

Under perpetual FIFO, the cost of inventory on December 31, 2022 is \$64,000 (see last row of balance column).

#### b. LIFO method:

Under perpetual LIFO, the cost of inventory on December 31, 2022 is \$62,000 (see last row of balance column).

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3 Comments on Exercise-9 (Computation of ending inventory under FIFO and LIFO)
1. Getachew Guangul

it is brief for understanding

2. Abdirashid yasin