The triple column cash book (also referred to as three column cash book) is the most exhaustive form of cash book which has three money columns on both receipt (Dr) and payment (Cr) sides to record transactions involving cash, bank and discounts. A triple column cash book is usually maintained by large firms which make and receive payments in cash as well as by bank and which frequently receive and allow cash discounts.
The procedure of recording transactions in a triple/three column cash book is similar to that of a double column cash book. The only difference between two types of cash book is that a double column cash book has two money columns (i.e., cash and bank) whereas a triple column cash book has three money columns (i.e., cash, bank and discount).
The cash and bank columns of triple column cash book are used as accounts and are periodically totaled and balanced just like in case of a double column cash book. The discount column is only totaled. It is not balanced because it does not work as an account.
In general ledger, two separate accounts are maintained for discount allowed and discount received. The total of discount column on debit side of cash book represents the total cash discount allowed to customers during the period and is posted to the discount allowed account maintained in the ledger. The total of discount column on credit side represents the total cash discount received from suppliers during the period and is posted to the discount received account maintained in the ledger.
Discount allowed is an expense and discount received is an income of the business.
The format of a triple/three column cash book is given below:
The triple column cash book has 7 columns on both debit and credit sides. The purpose of each column is briefly explained below:
- Date: The date column is used to enter the transaction date.
- Description: The description column is used to write the name of the account to be debited or credited in the ledger as a result of cash or bank transaction.
- Voucher number (VN): A voucher is a document in support of a transaction. The serial number of the voucher is entered in this column.
- Posting reference (PR): Each account in the ledger is assigned a unique numbered. The number each ledger account that is written in description column is entered in PR column.
- Discount: The amount of discount allowed is recorded on debit side and the amount of discount received is recorded on credit side in discount column.The totals of debit column and credit column are posted to discount allowed account and discount received account respectively.
- Cash: The amount of cash received (net of any discount allowed) is entered on the debit side and the amount of cash paid (net of any discount received) is entered on the credit side in cash column. This column is totaled and balanced like a ledger account.
- Bank: The amount of all receipts and payments made by the bank account are entered in bank column of the cash book. This column is also totaled and balanced like a ledger account.
Posting a three column cash book to ledger accounts
As explained earlier in this article, only cash and bank columns of triple column cash book work as accounts and are therefore balanced. The discount columns on both receipt and payment sides are only totaled and not balanced.
The procedure of posting entries from a cash book to ledger accounts has been explained in single column cash book article. The same procedure is followed for posting entries from double as well as triple column cash book to ledger accounts.
The following example summarizes the whole explanation of triple column cash book given above.
The P&G LLC records its cash and bank transactions in a triple column cash book. The following transactions were performed by the company during the month of June 2018.
- Jun 01: Cash in hand $800 (debit balance), Cash at bank $3,365 (debit balance).
- Jun 03: Paid James & Co. by check $1,175, discount received from him $25.
- Jun 05: Received from David & Co. a check amounting to $990, discount allowed to him $10.
- Jun 07: Deposited into bank the check received from David & Co.
- Jun 10: Purchased stationary for cash, $170.
- Jun 15: Purchased merchandise for cash, $1,280.
- Jun 15: Cash sales for the first half of the month, $2,450.
- Jun 16: Deposited into bank $1,250.
- Jun 18: Withdrawn from bank for personal expenses $100.
- Jun 19: Issued a check amounting to $1,630 to James & Co. and discount received from him $20.
- Jun 21: Drew from bank for office use, $420.
- Jun 24: Received a check amounting to $1,435 from Henry & Co. and allowed him a discount of $15. The Henry’s check was deposited into bank immediately.
- Jun 25: Paid a check to Jacob Inc. amounting to $385 and received a discount of $15.
- Jun 27: Bought furniture for cash for office use, $380.
- Jun 29: Paid office rent by check, $350.
- Jun 30: Cash sales for the second half of the month $4,550.
- Jun 30: Paid salaries by check $760.
- Jun 30: Withdrew from bank for office use $470.
- Record the above transactions in a triple/three column cash book of P & G LLC and balance the cash and bank columns of the cash book.
- Post entries from triple/three column cash book to appropriate accounts in general ledger, accounts receivable subsidiary ledger and accounts payable subsidiary ledger.
1. Triple/three column cash book
1. Check received from David & Co. on June 05 has been recorded in the cash column because it was not deposited into bank on the same date.
2. 450 is the number of discount allowed account in the general ledger. The discount allowed account is an expense account.
3. 455 is the number of discount received account in the ledger. Discount received account is an income/revenue account.
1. Posting to ledger accounts:
(i). General ledger:
(ii). Accounts receivable ledger:
(iii) Accounts payable ledger: