# Problem-1 (Materials, labor and variable overhead variances)

P&G company produces many products for household use. Company sells products to storekeepers as well as to customers. Detergent-DX is one of the products of P&G. It is a cleaning product that is produced, packed in large boxes and then sold to customers and storekeepers.

P&G uses a traditional standard costing system to control costs and has established the following materials, labor and overhead standards to produce one box of Detergent-DX:

- Direct materials; 1.5 pounds @ $12 per pound: $18.00
- Direct labor; 0.6 hours $24 per hour: $14.40
- Variable manufacturing overhead; 0.6 hours @ $5.00: $3.00

During August 2012, company produced and sold 3,000 boxes of Detergent-DX. 8,000 pounds of direct materials were purchased @ $11.50 per pound. Out of these 8,000 pounds, 6,000 pounds were used during August. There was no inventory at the beginning of August. 1600 direct labor hours were recorded during the month at a cost of $40,000. The variable manufacturing overhead costs during August totaled $7,200.

**Required:**

- Compute materials price variance and materials quantity variance. (Assume that the materials price variance is computed at the time of purchase.)
- Compute direct labor rate variance and direct labor efficiency variance.
- Compute variable overhead spending variance and variable overhead efficiency variance.

## Solution:

### (1). Materials variances:

**a. Materials price variance:**

**b. Materials quantity variance:**

*3,000 boxes × 1.5 pounds per box = 4,500 pounds

F = Favorable; U = Unfavorable

### (2). Labor variances:

**a. Direct labor rate variance:**

**b. Direct labor efficiency variance:**

*3,000 boxes × 0.6 hours per box = 1,800 hours

F = Favorable; U = Unfavorable

### (3) Variable overhead variances:

**a. Variable overhead spending variance:**

**b. Variable overhead efficiency variance:**

*3,000 boxes × 0.6 hours per box = 1,800 hours

F = Favorable

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## 22 Comments on Problem-1 (Materials, labor and variable overhead variances)

In number 1 solution, where didi you get the 4,500 standard quantity of materials allowed?

It’s the quantity of material produced. 3000 boxes * 1.5 pounds per box = 4500 pounds of material

@zeke

Standard quantity of material per unit × number of units produced

= 1.5 × 3000

= 45,000

Hi for number 2 direct labor efficiency, where did you get the 1,800 hours?

@Riley

Direct labor hours allowed for actual production:

Actual units produced × standard hours per unit

3,000 units × 0.6 hours

1,800 hours

where did 4.5 accur in variable variance as actual rate

@Sumair

Actual variable manufacturing overhead costs/actual hours worked

$7,200/1600 hours

$4.50

please can you explain how you got $5 in the variable overhead spending variance?

It is standard variable overhead rate per hour (given in the problem).

what was the labour ,material and over head cost for water pollution control

thank you so much um sure i have understood

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in material quantity variance

where does this “3000 boxes” comes from

Did you read the problem text? Company produced and sold 3,000 boxes of detergent DX during August.

Hi,

I have an exercise on standard costing and variance.

ABC Ltd prepares the following master budget for 2016

Sales (18,000 units @ $30) $540,000

Materials (9,000 kg @ $10) $ 90,000

Labour (36,000 hours @ $6) $216,000

VOH (36,000 @$2) $ 72,000

FOH $ 90,000

Budgeted Profit $ 72,000

Their trial balance at 31st December 2016 reveals the following figures;

Sales (20,000 units @ $30) $600,000

Materials (10,500 kg) $ 99,750

Labour @ $6.25/hour $243,750

VOH $ 76,050

FOH $ 87,000

Gross Profit $ 93,450

How do I get the following;

1. Material Price Variance,

2. Material Usage Variance,

3. Labour Rate Variance,

4. Labour Efficiency Variance,

5. VOH Rate Variance,

6. VOH Efficiency Variance &

7. FOH Budget Variance.

Grateful if you can show me step by step on getting to the solution.

Many thanks & regards,

Ms. Ralex Markis

material puchased- 24000 kgs@105600

Material consumed- 22800kgs

actual wages paid for 5940 hrs- Rs. 29700

units produced- 2160

direct material cost- Rs. 4per unit

direct labour cost- 4 per unit

standard input- 10kg for one unit

calculate the material variance & labour variance

how can i solve the question

is it solved…

sir plz send all variance and management accounting paper of perpetration icma

Why do you compute 4500 pounds in 1(b)

Because it is required component for the computation of materials quantity variance. The formula of this variance is:

(Actual quantity used x Standard price) – (Standard quantity allowed x Standard price)

The standard quantity allowed for producing 3,000 boxes is not available in the original problem so we have to compute it as follows:

Actual production x Standard quantity per unit

= 3,000 boxes x 1.5 pounds

= 4,500 pounds

Hope that helps 🙂