Problem-1: Market value method for joint cost allocation and reversal cost method for by products

The Abraham Company produces three products – product A, Product B and Product C. Product A and B are the joint products. Product C has a relatively small market value and is therefore treated as a by-product.

During March, 10,000 units of product A, 8,000 units of product B and 2,000 units of product C were processed in refining department. The joint processing cost incurred in the refining department was 204,000.

Some additional data is given below:

The Abraham Company uses market value method to assign cost to product A and B and reversal cost method to allocate cost to product C.

Required: Allocate joint cost to by-product C and joint product A and B.

Solution

1. Allocation of cost to by-product (i.e., product C):

Value of by-product (i.e., product C) to be credited to joint cost:

Number of units produced × Value per unit of by-product at split-off
= 2,000 units × $2
$4,000

2. Apportionment of cost to joint product A and B:

*Ratio to allocate cost prior to separation
**Total joint cost less value credited to by-product ($204,000 – $4,000 = $200,000)

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