**Return on capital employed ratio** is computed by dividing the net income before interest and tax by capital employed. It measures the success of a business in generating satisfactory profit on capital invested. The ratio is expressed in percentage.

## Formula:

The basic components of the formula of return on capital employed ratio are net income before interest and tax and capital employed.

**Net income before interest and tax (Operating income)****:**

Net income before the deduction of interest and tax expenses is frequently referred to as operating income. Here, interest means interest on long term loans. If company pays interest expenses on short-term borrowings, that is deducted to arrive at operating income.

**Capital employed****:**

Capital employed is calculated in a number of ways. Some popular methods are given below:

- Total of fixed and current assets.
- Total of fixed assets only.
- Fixed assets plus working capital.
- Total of long term funds. Long term funds include capital, Reserve and surplus etc.

In managerial accounting, the last method is usually used to calculate capital employed.

## Example:

Fixed assets | $ | 800,000 |

Current assets | 300,000 | |

Long-term investment | 200,000 | |

Share capital | 600,000 | |

8% bonds | 400,000 | |

Reserves | 200,000 | |

Accounts payable | 100,000 | |

Net income before interest and tax | 80,000 |

From the above information, we can compute the return on capital employed ratio as follows:

= (80,000 / 1,000,000*) × 100

= 8%

**Computation of capital employed:*

Fixed assets + Current assets – Current liabilities

$800,000 + $300,000 – $100,000 = $1,000,000

## Significance and Interpretation:

Return on capital employed ratio measures the efficiency with which the investment made by shareholders and creditors is used in the business. Managers use this ratio for various financial decisions. It is a ratio of overall profitability and a higher ratio is, therefor, better.

To see whether the business has improved its profitability or not, the ratio can be calculated for a number of years.

December 31st, 2016 at 1:44 pm

please am stuck with this question and i need help

Suppose a company wishes to increase their return of capital employed (ROCE) to 15%. Currently, their ROCE is 10% and their working capital turnover rate is 1,5. However, they believe it would be difficult do much about their yearly turnover and average-tied up capital (assets).

What is the company’s current profit margin?

What profit margin is the company aiming for?

Enter the figure here, with two correct decimals: