Common size statement is one in which all the items are expressed as a percentage of a base item.

Common size statements are helpful in discovering efficiencies and inefficiencies of the management by comparing:

  • the statements of an individual business for two or more different periods,
  • the statements of two or more different companies in an industry,
  • the statements of an individual business¬†with the industry’s average.

Example:

An example of comparative common size income statement of two companies is given below:

An example of comparative common size balance sheet of two companies is given below:

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