# Gross profit (GP) ratio

**Gross profit ratio (GP ratio)** is a profitability ratio that shows the relationship between gross profit and total net sales revenue. It is a popular tool to evaluate the operational performance of the business . The ratio is computed by dividing the gross profit figure by net sales.

## Formula:

The following formula/equation is used to compute gross profit ratio:

When gross profit ratio is expressed in percentage form, it is known as gross profit margin or gross profit percentage. The formula of gross profit margin or percentage is given below:

The basic components of the formula of **gross profit ratio (GP ratio)** are gross profit and net sales. Gross profit is equal to net sales minus cost of goods sold. Net sales are equal to total gross sales less returns inwards and discount allowed. The information about gross profit and net sales is normally available from income statement of the company.

## Example:

The following data relates to a small trading company. Compute the gross profit ratio (GP ratio) of the company.

- Gross sales: $1,000,000
- Sales returns: $90,000
- Cost of goods sold: $675,000

### Solution:

With the help of above information, we can compute the gross profit ratio as follows:

= (235,000* / 910,000**)

= 0.2582 or 25.82%

*Gross profit = Net sales – Cost of goods sold

= $910,000 – $675,000

= $235,000

**Net sales = Gross sales – Sales returns

= $1,000,000 – $90,000

= $910,000

The GP ratio is 25.82%. It means the company may reduce the selling price of its products by 25.82% without incurring any loss.

## Significance and interpretation:

Gross profit is very important for any business. It should be sufficient to cover all expenses and provide for profit.

There is no norm or standard to interpret gross profit ratio (GP ratio). Generally, a higher ratio is considered better.

The ratio can be used to test the business condition by comparing it with past years’ ratio and with the ratio of other companies in the industry. A consistent improvement in gross profit ratio over the past years is the indication of continuous improvement . When the ratio is compared with that of others in the industry, the analyst must see whether they use the same accounting systems and practices.

Next page is: Net profit (NP) ratioPrev page is: Price earnings (P/E) ratio

## 70 Comments on Gross profit (GP) ratio

I really learn better in accounting ratios here because I can to find other terminologies related to ratio that I never knew before…thanks a lot

how can i find out gross profit

closing stock value

sales value

no purchase

is it possible?

Kuch bhi

if you want to calculate gross profit with the figures of sales and closing stock value and no purchase ,use the following method:-

Closing stock value + sales value – openin g stock value

BUT NOT HAVE CLOSING STOCK VALUE

Can you provide your complete problem with figures?

Best site for learning accounting ratio

i really enjoy the whole article.

This is better than my text book.. thanks!

Sir should we need to consider opening stock in process and closing stock work in process while calculating cost of goods sold. If yes why sir? Please solve my doubt sir hope to get a favorable reply. Thanking you.

mmm

We consider opening and closing work in process (WIP) inventory for calculating cost of goods manufactured (COGM). WIP opening inventory is added to and subtracted from total manufacturing cost (direct materials + direct labor + manufacturing overhead) to arrive at cost of goods manufactured.

Example:

if

Manufacturing cost: 50,000

Work in process opening inventory: 2,000

Work in process closing inventory: 1,500

Finished goods opening inventory: 5,000

Finished goods closing inventory: 7,000

then

Cost of goods manufactured = 50,000 + 2,000 – 1500

= 50,500

and

Cost of goods sold = 50,500 + 5,000 – 7,000

=48,500

Sometime we calculate cost of goods manufactured as a part of cost of goods sold don’t confuse with that. For example we can calculate cost of goods sold in a single line as follows:

Cost of goods sold = 50,500 + 2,000 – 1500 + 5,000 – 7,000

=48,500

Please note that the cost of goods manufactured and sold must be calculated in their proper statement form.

Dear Experts,

I have been asked following question by some one, can you kindly advice with correct answer

‘’If you as Sales Leader is carrying an annual cost of sales team which is known to you (In terms of the salary etc), then what should be the annual gross margin that you should deliver to the company to justify the cost ?’’

no other information has been given. can i get an answer

Thanks,

FA

How can i find gross profit ratio when the question is;

opening stock is 5,000 in excess of closing stock.

Cash sales is double of credit sales which is 70,000

purchases 150,000.

Please answer as soon as possible.

firstly, cash sale = 2X of credit sale

then cash sale =140000

total sale =cash sale + credit sale

total sale =140000+70000

total sale =210000

after this you make the trading account and put the value of sale and purchases after this the trading account comes out a gross profit =60000

then put all the value in the ratio

G.P.R=G.P X 100

sales

your answer comes 28.57 👍

Whenever i saw that example fr0m i kn0w h0w 2 calculate that gross profit ratio

N0w i knew how 2 calculate gross profit ratio. If sum1 didn’t kn0w about it den call me 9615325124

sir this qus solve

1 gross profit ratio = 25%

2 net profit/sales =20%

3 stock turnover ratio = 10

4 net profit/ capital =1/5

5 capital to total liabilities =1/2

6 fixed assets/capital = 5/4

7 fixed assets/total current assets = 5/7

8 fixed assets =2,00,000

9 closing stock =20,000

perpare a trading and p&l a/c and blance sheet

its very clear how you stay in colom

If opening inventory of the year is Rs 20,000. Goods purchased during the year is Rs. 100,000. Carriage Rs. 2,000, selling expenses Rs 2,000. Sales during the year is Rs 150,000, closing inventory is Rs. 25,000. Then gross profit will be ??????? Please give the solution.

I assume that the carriage in your question is carriage inward.

GP = 150,000 – 97,000*

=53,000

and

GP Ratio = (53,000/150,000)*100

=35.33

*[(20,000 + 100,000 + 2,000) – 25,000]

If the carriage is outward then exclude 2,000 from the calculation.

Net accounts receivable at dec.31,2013 800,000

Net account receivable at dec. 31,2014 1200,000

Inventories,dec 31,2013 1,300,000

Inventories,dec 31,2014 1,200,000

Account receivable turn over 4 to 1

inventory turn over 3 to 1

Gross profit for 2014?

It was really helpful and I really learn better in accounting ratios here because I can find other terminologies related to ratios that I never knew before…thanks a lot.

Sale Rs. 3625574

Purchase Rs. 1999154

Direct exps. Rs.1206092

Op. Stock Rs. 249222

Plz Calculate The Closing Stock If Possible.

Answer if be sure.

Thanks

Closing stock cannot be calculated as the cost of goods sold (COGS) is not known.

if purchases are not given to find cost of good sold then how to find it.?

The profit is equal to 20% of the selling price. Express the following as a formula and remember to define any variables.

How am I supposed to work this out if that’s the only given information available?

Give five possible reasons for a decline in gross profit as a percentage of sales revenue from one year to the next, briefly explaining for each why it has the effect of reducing the percentage.

@hasnaa, i need also this answer. Could anyone answer this:

Give five possible reasons for a decline in gross profit as a percentage of sales revenue from one year to the next, briefly explaining for each why it has the effect of reducing the percentage.

how to calculate cost of sales , net sales , cash, and the gross profit???

for an example=

cost of sales is rs. 90,000 , net sales rs.1,70,000 and cash rs.20,000. the gross profit will be ???

pls explain anybody…

Thank you

Very useful.Thanks

Gross profit is 25% of cost of goods sold

Operating profit Rs. 50,000

Selling and administration expense are 15% of sales

Financial expenses are 1% of sales

Opening stock Rs. 500,000

Purchases Rs. 700,000

how to calculate sale if we have these figures

purchase price is RS. 8000 and sale price is Rs. 19800, what is the profit percentage, please tell me the answer in %

Thanking you

@Zaheer

Profit = 19,800 – 8,000

=11,800

Percentage = (11,800/19,800)*100

=59.6%

How do we calculate turnover and gross profit given average stock at hand, gross profit as a percentage of turnover and rate of stock turn

How to determine sales,when the financial data is given :

Current Ratio 2.7

Quick Ratio 1.8

Current Liabilities Rs.6,00,000

Inventory Turnover 4times

Please let me know the answer ,Thank you

Current ratio = Current assets/Current liabilities

2.7 = Current assets/600,000

Current assets = 2.7*600,000

=1,620,000

Quick ratio = Quick assets/Current liabilities

1.8 = Quick assets/600,000

Current assets = 1.8*600,000

=1,080,000

Inventory = Current assets – Quick assets

=1,620,000 – 1,080,000

=540,000

Inventory turnover ratio = Sales/Inventory

4 = Sales/540,000

Sales = 2,160,000

Please help me with this problem:

If sales Rs 25000, purchases Rs 25000, closing stock Rs 10000, gross loss on cost 20%, then opening stock=?

P.S: how to find out gross loss/profit on cost?

Thank u so much for this solution,I just started learning Financing subject,So ur help is really grateful.I hope I can ask more questions when required.Thank you once again.Regards

Gross profit on sales 25% , cost of goods sold rupees 400000. Find out sales?

solution?

If the sales Rs.25000;purchases Rs.25000;closing stock Rs;10000; gross loss on cost 20%, then what is the stock in the begining

JaSim the answers to your question is as follows

Sales = COGS + G.P

i.e.= 25000=Cogs + (-6250)

So Cogs = 25000+6250 = 31250

Also cogs = opening stock + net purchases + direct expense – closing stock

So 31250 = opening stock + 25000 + 0 – 10000

31250 = opening stock + 15000

So opening stock = 31250 – 15000

16250

=

How do u get 6250 or from where

I think this one need a collection sales = COGS+G.P i.e.=20/100*25000=cogs +[5000] 6250 is incorrect

can it be more than 100%?

Dear Sir,

Present i am working in Yamaha show room as accountant.

Sir, i need to prepare Purchase and sales and closing value of the stock,Gross profit the each vehicle and prepare the balance sheet..plz me sir.

sale 1,39,47,252.00

purchase 98,85,258.20

Opening Stock 12,53,649.00

Direct expenses 18,76,193.00

How to calculation Gross profit and closing stock percentage

if the gross is 52% is it the company doing well or not? and how can that be? in the question theres only provide for 1yr(2015). fyi, this question is not comparing with other year.

How we will find only

Gross Profit Percentage :

Net Profit Percentage

Great! I must say this is very helpful when considering formulas.

How to calculate COGS if opening stock , purchases and closing stock is not available?

Is total income and gross profit same? Please reply me.

thanks but help me solve this.

Grace business has a rate of turn over of 6 times,the average stock is 150000,trade discout (margin allowed)25% of selling price ,expencess are 60% of profit.calculate

a)cost of goods sold

b)Gross profit margin

c)turn over

d)total expencess

e)net profit

if, sales=800,000

Markup rate=25% of cost

What would will be The Gross Profit.??

Markup rate = Markup amt ÷ selling price

where,

Markup amt = Selling – cost ==> Gross profit

Cost of goods sold or Cost :

= Net sales ÷ (1 + markup rate)

= 800,000 ÷ (1 + 0.25)

= 800,000 ÷ 1.25 ==> 640,000

Gross profit = Sales – cost of goods sold

= 800,000 – 640,000 ==> 160,000

640,000 × 0.25 ==> 160,000

if the costs of good sold is 100,000 and operating expenses 50,000

a/what is the gross profit?

b/what is the net profit?

Sir,

Nice explanation

But when the question is given as x and y and totalling up this how can we solve a problem….pls reply soon

nice explanation,but

sir;

what are the advantages and disadvantages of gross profit ratio?

Cost of goods sold = $600,000

Gross profit Ratio = 25%

Find out :

(a) Sales

(b) Gross profit

Plz solve this question

What will be the treatment of cost of net sales in the presence of sales and sales return while calculating GPR

if selling price is fixed 25% above the cost the gross profit ratio is…….

Gross profit ratio of a firm is 25% gross profit is 60000 calculate the sales

Gross profit = $60,000

Gross profit ratio = 25%

Sales = 60,000/0.25 = $240,000

Cost of goods sold = $240,000 – $60,000 = $180,000

Gross profit during the year Rs.100000

Gross profit Ratio = 25%

Sales = ?

I HAVE THE FORMULA OF NET NPA & GROSS NPA

can any one tell me if cost of goods sold is no given

what is deducted from sales to find gross profit

Cost of goods sold (COGS)

This is really effective discussion. In somewhere Gross Profit ratio is expressed by %. Is it correct?

Here, mentioned GP margin or percentage can only be expressed as %.

Thanks.