Fixed assets turnover ratio

Fixed assets turnover ratio (also known as sales to fixed assets ratio) is a commonly used activity ratio that measures the efficiency with which a company uses its fixed assets to generate its sales revenue. It is computed by dividing net sales by average fixed assets.

Formula:

fixed-assets-turnover-ratio-img1

Note for students: Sometime opening balance of fixed assets may not be given in the question. In such a case, closing balance of fixed assets rather than average assets may be used as denominator of the formula.

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Example:

X and Y are two independent companies that manufacture office furniture and distribute it to the sellers as well as customers in various regions of USA . The selected data for both the companies is give below:

Net sales during the year

X: $73,500
Y: $94,000

Net fixed assets at 1 January 2014

X: $22,500
Y: $20,000

Net fixed assets at 31 December 2014

X: $24,000
Y: $21,500

 Required:

  1. Calculate fixed assets turnover ratio for both the companies.
  2. Can we compare the ratio of company X with that of company Y? If yes, which company is more efficient in using its fixed assets?

Solution:

(1). Calculation of fixed assets turnover ratio:

Company X:

73,500/23,250*

3.16

Company Y:

94,000/20,750*

4.53

*Average fixed assets:

X: (22,500 + 24,000)/2

Y: (20,000 + 21,500)/2

(2). Comparison of two companies:

The ratio of company X can be compared with that of company Y because both the companies belong to same industry. Generally speaking the comparability of ratios is more useful when the companies in question are in the same industry.

Company Y generates a sales revenue of $4.53 for each dollar invested in fixed assets where as company X generates a sales revenue of $3.16 for each dollar invested in fixed assets. Company Y is therefore more efficient than company X in using the fixed assets.

Significance and interpretation:

Generally, a high fixed assets turnover ratio indicates better utilization of fixed assets and a low ratio means inefficient or under-utilization of fixed assets. The usefulness of this ratio can be increased by comparing it with the ratio of other companies, industry standards and past years.

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7 Comments on Fixed assets turnover ratio

  1. Irina Haque

    I want to know if the low asset turnover ratio indicates under-utilization of assets.

  2. Prabhu

    Why can’t we use sales instead of cost of sales?

  3. Mesa

    I really wish there were more artelcis like this on the web.

  4. Kaiden

    I’m shekocd that I found this info so easily.

  5. Usiel Hernandez

    Why would selling a building at a loss increase the Fixed Asset Turnover ratio?

  6. Maria Joseph N

    While computing fixed asset turnover ratio, the formula is generally Net sales/Fixed Asset. However, there are cases where Cost of sales is used in lieu of Sales in ascertaining Fixed Assets. Can any one clarify the situations where Cost of Sales is used instead of Sales, while computing fixed assets turnover ratio?

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