**Times interest earned (TIE) ratio** shows how many times the annual interest expenses are covered by the net operating income (income before interest and tax) of the company. It is a long-term solvency ratio that measures the ability of a company to pay its interest charges as they become due. It is computed by dividing the income before interest and tax by interest expenses.

Times interest earned ratio is known by various names such as debt service ratio, fixed charges cover ratio and Interest coverage ratio.

## Formula:

Income before interest and tax (i.e., net operating income) and interest expense figures are available from the income statement.

## Example:

A creditor has extracted the following data from the income statement of PQR and requests you to compute and explain the times interest earned ratio for him.

Net operating income | 2,570 |

Interest expenses | 320 |

——- | |

Net income before tax | 2,250 |

Income tax (40%) | 500 |

——- | |

Net income | 1,750 |

——- |

* Required:* Computed times interest earned (TIE) ratio.

### Solution:

= (2,570 / 320)

= 8.03 times

The times interest earned ratio of PQR company is 8.03 times. It means that the interest expenses of the company are 8.03 times covered by its net operating income (income before interest and tax).

## Significance and Interpretation:

Times interest earned ratio is very important from the creditors view point. A high ratio ensures a periodical interest income for lenders. The companies with weak ratio may have to face difficulties in raising funds for their operations.

Generally, a ratio of 2 or higher is considered adequate to protect the creditors’ interest in the firm. A ratio of less than 1 means the company is likely to have problems in paying interest on its borrowings.

A very high times interest ratio may be the result of the fact that the company is unnecessarily careful about its debts and is not taking full advantage of the debt facilities.

August 24th, 2013 at 11:38 am

Question: A company faces total interest charges of $10,000 per year, annual sales of $1,000,000, a tax rate of 40 percent, and a net profit of 60 percent. What is the company’s times interest earned ratio?

September 14th, 2013 at 4:59 am

If 60 percent profit is before interest and tax, your problem can be solved as follows:

Net profit before interest and tax = $1,000,000 × 0.6 = $600,000

According to above formula, the ratio is computed by dividing profit before interest and tax by interest expenses for the period. The ratio would therefore be computed as follows:

Times interest earned ratio = 600,000/10,000 = 60 times

September 28th, 2013 at 10:36 am

Calculating the Times Interest Earned Ratio For the most recent year, Back Alley Boys, Inc., had sales of $250,000, cost of goods sold of $80,000, depreciation expense of $27,000, and additions to retained earnings of $33,360. The firm currently has 20,000 shares of common stock outstanding, and the previous year’s dividends per share were $1.50. Assuming a 34% income tax rate, what were the times interest earned ratio?

September 29th, 2013 at 4:39 am

afi123! you need to find out income before interest and tax and the interest expenses of the firm to apply the times interest earned ratio formula. These two figures are computed below:

Income before interest and tax (IBIT):

= Sales – COGS – Depreciation

= $250,000 – $80,000 – $27,000

= $143,000

Income before tax (IBT):

= Additions to retained earnings + dividends

= ($33,360 + $30,000)/0.66

= $96,000

The sum of the additions in retained earnings and the amount of dividends have been divided by 0.66 to arrive at income before tax (IBT).

The annual Interest expense:

= IBIT – IBT

= $143,000 – $96,000

= $47,000

Times interest earned ratio (TIER):

= $143,000/$47,000

= 3.04 times

September 29th, 2013 at 3:17 pm

From where 0.66 is came plz describe me. in previous question

September 29th, 2013 at 3:44 pm

Hi Rachna,

The tax rate given in the question is 34%. If company pays 34% tax on its taxable income, the income after tax would be 66% or 0.66 (100% – 34%). Another way to express this relationship is as follows:

Income after tax = Income before tax – Income tax

66% = 100% – 34%

or

.66 = 1 – .34

Hope this helps.

December 26th, 2013 at 5:40 pm

in case of loss how can we calculate the time interest ratio??? plz tell me any one???

March 5th, 2014 at 7:46 pm

Thank you all.

July 27th, 2014 at 9:49 pm

What does the times means? Is it times per year or times is equivalent to years?

July 28th, 2014 at 6:38 am

@Lorie

If ratio is 4, it means income before interest and tax is 4 times bigger than the annual interest expenses.

May 9th, 2015 at 4:08 pm

This information has been most helpful, I just hope that I have gotten the understanding to do my final paper with. Thanks everyone for the contribution.

October 2nd, 2015 at 7:22 pm

Hi,

Does the formula need any adjustment if EBIT is negative?

November 28th, 2015 at 11:33 am

Suppose,A has a TIE ratio of 4 & B has a TIE ratio of 7, which one is better & how can I explain this as interpretation?

April 1st, 2016 at 3:59 pm

I have been presented with the following information about XYZ Ltd.

Total equity is 8%

ROA is 20%

Total asset turnover is 6 times.

Determine the ROE for XYZ Ltd

April 26th, 2016 at 11:45 am

Can someone please help me?

If I have an income statement with financial income, do I include that in the interest expenses?

Thank you

October 1st, 2016 at 4:40 am

Sales revenue= 3 million

COGS=2.5 million

Depreciation=.2million

debt outstanding=1 million

market value= .92 million.

What is firm’s times interest earned ration?

November 12th, 2016 at 2:32 pm

I have company assets and debt ratio and I have a new project for the company asset and depth ratio when I calculate the TIE I use which informations