Fixed assets turnover ratio (also known as sales to fixed assets ratio) is a commonly used activity ratio that measures the efficiency with which a company uses its fixed assets to generate its sales revenue. It is computed by dividing net sales by average fixed assets.
Note for students: Sometime opening balance of fixed assets may not be given in the question. In such a case, closing balance of fixed assets rather than average assets may be used as denominator of the formula.
X and Y are two independent companies that manufacture office furniture and distribute it to the sellers as well as customers in various regions of USA . The selected data for both the companies is give below:
|Net fixed assets at 1 January 2014||22,500||20,000|
|Net fixed assets at 31 December 2014||24,000||21,500|
- Calculate fixed assets turnover ratio for both the companies.
- Can we compare the ratio of company X with that of company Y? If yes, which company is more efficient in using its fixed assets?
(1). Calculation of fixed assets turnover ratio:
|Net sales (a)||73,500*||94,000*|
|Average fixed assets (b)||23,250**||20,750**|
|Fixed assets turnover ratio (a/b)||3.16||4.53|
X: 75,000 – 1,500
Y: 95,000 – 1,000
**Average fixed assets:
X: (22,500 + 24,000)/2
Y: (20,000 + 21,500)/2
(2). Comparison of two companies:
The ratio of company X can be compared with that of company Y because both the companies belong to same industry. Generally speaking the comparability of ratios is more useful when the companies in question are in the same industry.
Company Y generates a sales revenue of $4.53 for each dollar invested in fixed assets where as company X generates a sales revenue of $3.16 for each dollar invested in fixed assets. Company Y is therefore more efficient than company X in using the fixed assets.
Significance and interpretation:
Generally, a high fixed assets turnover ratio indicates better utilization of fixed assets and a low ratio means inefficient or under-utilization of fixed assets. The usefulness of this ratio can be increased by comparing it with the ratio of other companies, industry standards and past years.