Exercise 4: Cost per equivalent unit – weighted average and FIFO method

The Alpha Global Inc. produces a product known as Antacid-ZX – an over the counter medicine used to neutralize stomach acidity. The processing of Antacid-ZX is completed in three separate departments. The data belonging to first department for the month of March is given below:

The stages of completion of beginning and ending work in process inventories with respect to materials and processing were as follows:

Beginning work in process inventory:
Materials: 80%
Processing: 75%

Ending work in process inventory:
Materials: 60%
Processing: 20%

Required: Make a quantity schedule, compute the equivalent units of production and determine the cost per equivalent unit assuming the Alpha Global Inc. uses the following methods of accounting for units and costs:

  1. Weighted average method
  2. FIFO method

Solution

(1). Weighted average method

Quantity schedule and equivalent unit

Cost per equivalent unit

2. FIFO method

Quantity schedule and equivalent units

*Work required to complete gallons in work in process beginning inventory
Materials:
100% – 80% = 20%
40,000 × 20% = 8,000 gallons

Labor and overhead:
100% – 75% = 25%
40,000 × 25% = 10,000 gallons

**Started and completed during March:
380,000 gallons started – 25,000 gallons in work in process ending inventory
= 355,000 gallons started and completed during March

or

395,000 gallons started – 40,000 gallons in beginning work in process inventory
= 355,000 gallons started and completed during March

Cost per equivalent unit

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