# Exercise-1: Joint cost allocation – market value method

## Exercise-1 (a)

Master Company manufactures three products – product 1, product 2 and product 3. The production data of three products for the month of January 2019 is given below:

• Product 1: 3,000 units
• Product 2: 4,000 units
• Product 3: 5,000 units

The sales prices or market values at split-off point are given below:

• Product 1: \$4.40
• Product 2: \$2.50
• Product 3: \$2.56

During January 2019, Master Company incurred a total joint production cost of \$27,000.

Required: Allocate the joint production cost among joint products using market value method.

### Solution

*Allocation of joint cost:

The joint cost is 75% of total market value (\$27,000/\$36,000 = 0.75 or 75%)

• Product 1: \$13,200 × 0.75 = \$9,900
• Product 2: \$10,000 × 0.75 = \$7,500
• Product 3: \$12,800 × 0.75 = \$9,600

## Exercise-1 (b)

Sam & Gibs Company processes a single raw material to produce three different products – product K, product L and product M. After split-off point, all three products require a further processing before they can be placed in salable condition. A summary of cost, production and sale for the year 2019 is given below:

There was no finished goods and work-in-process inventory at the start and end of the year 2019.

Required: Allocate the joint production cost to all three products and compute the gross profit of each product.

### Solution

*Allocation of joint cost:
The joint production cost (\$240,000) is 60% of the hypothetical market value (\$400,000). The allocation has been made as follows:

• Product K: \$50,000 × 0.6 = \$30,000
• Product L: \$168,000 × 0.6 = \$100,800
• Product M: \$182,000 × 0.6 = \$109,200

**Gross profit
The gross profit is equal to ultimate market value less total cost.

• Product K: \$60,000 – \$40,000 = \$20,000
• Product L: \$200,000 – \$132,800 = \$67,200
• Product M: \$220,000 – \$147,200 = \$72,800
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