#### Machine Learning Model Explanation using Shapley Values by

The model output value: 21.99; The base value: this is the value would be predicted if we didn’t have any features for the current output base value: 36.04 . In the x-axis it shows the impact of each feature on the output. Here we can see red and blue arrows associated with each feature. Each of these arrows indi es:

#### Study on Replacement of Coarse Aggregate by E-Waste in Concrete

ggregate Coarse Aggregate E- waste Specific gravity 2.69 2.74 1.9 Water absorption % 1.2 0.05 0.2 Color Dark Dark Dark and Ivory Shape - Angular Angular Crushing value % - 26.8 <2 Impact value - 24.9 <2 B. Concrete Mixes The mixes were designated with the grade of concrete and the type of fine aggregates used. IS method of concrete

#### DETERMINATION OF AGGREGATE CRUSHING VALUE

ggregate impact value % Quality of aggregate < 10 Exceptionally strong 10 – 20 Strong 20 – 30 Satisfactory for road surfacing >35 Weak for road surfacing Table 2: Maximum allowable impact values of aggregate in different types of Pavement material/ layers Sl.No Types of pavement material /layer Aggregate impact value % 1 Water bound

#### PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF COARSE AGGREGATES IN CONCRETE WITH

properties. Aggregate consists of large chunks of material in a concrete mix generally a coarse gravel or crushed rocks such as limestone or granite along with finer materials such as sand. Cement most commonly Portland cement is associated with the general term "concrete." A range of materials can be used as the cement in concrete.

#### Function and Importance of Aggregate in Concrete

Coarse aggregate is used to describe particles larger than 4.75 mm and the term fine aggregate is used for particles smaller than 4.75mm; typically fine aggregates contain particles in the size range 75 µm to 4.75 mm and coarse aggregates from 4.75 to about 50 mm except for mass concrete which may contain particles up to 150 mm.

#### ASTM C127 - 15 Standard Test Method for Relative Density

C29/C29M Test Method for Bulk Density Unit Weight and Voids in Aggregate. C125 Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates. C128 Test Method for Density Relative Density Specific Gravity and Absorption of Fine Aggregate. C136 Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates

#### Aggregates - Portland Cement Association

Coarse aggregates are any particles greater than 0.19 inch but generally range between 3/8 and 1.5 inches in diameter. Gravels constitute the majority of coarse aggregate used in concrete with crushed stone making up most of the remainder. Natural gravel and sand are usually dug or dredged from a pit river lake or seabed.

#### Importance of Aggregate Gradation of concrete slab

n aggregate for cement concrete flooring mix must conform to the requirements of IS: 383-19635. The aggregate crushing value when determined in accordance with IS: 2386 Part IV -196311 shall not exceed 30 percent. 4.2.1.1 Coarse aggregate – The grading of graded coarse aggregate for cement concrete flooring mix shall be within the limits.

#### What Is Aggregate? Properties of Aggregates Aggregate

Usually the bulk density values for fine or coarse aggregate is in the range of 1350 to 1650 kg per meter cube. Importance Of Bulk Density Of Aggregate. Bulk density of coarse aggregate under the dry rodded condition is called its dry rodded unit weight. It is an extremely important value that we used in concrete mixture proportioning.

#### Determination of Aggregate Impact Value - Impact Test on

The aggregate impact value is a measure of resistance to sudden impact or shock which may differ from its resistance to gradually applied compressive load. Procedure o f Aggregate Impact Test The test sample consists of aggregates sized 10.0 mm 12.5 mm. Aggregates may be dried by heating at 100-110 C for a period of 4 hours and cooled.

#### SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF COARSE AGGREGATE AASHTO T 85

The value is used in calculating air voids voids in mineral aggregate VMA and voids filled by asphalt VFA . All are critical to a well performing and durable asphalt mix. Water absorption can also be an indi or of asphalt absorption. A highly absorptive aggregate may lead to a low durability asphalt mix.

#### impact value for normal coarse aggregate range

impact value % aggregate crushing value % 10% fines elongation index % . are within the 2.5–3.0 range of specific gravity for normal weight aggregates. Read more Evaluation of Asphalt Absorption by Mineral Aggregates

#### EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON CONCRETE WITH REPLACEMENT OF

the project. The properties of coarse aggregate are tabulated below TABLE 2 compared to demolished concrete aggregate. TABLE2 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF DEMOLISHED CONCRETE AGGREGATE AND NORMAL AGGREGATE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES DEMOLISHED CONCRETE AGGREGATE NORMAL COARSE AGGREGATE Specific gravity 2.68 2.70 2. Impact value 24.26 13.23 3.

#### AGGREGATE IMPACT VALUE TEST-10 IMPORTANT NOTES TO REMEMBER

ggregate impact value test gives an indi ion of aggregate’s toughness property i.e. property of a material to resist impact Aggregate impact values are used to classify the stone aggregates with respect to toughness property as given below. Aggregate impact value % Toughness Properties <10 Exceptionally tough / Strong 10 – 20 Very tough / Strong …

#### 4 Aggregate Specifi ions and Requirements

The total blended aggregate from the fine and coarse aggregates and recycled materials used in HMA are required to meet the fine aggregate angularity FAA requirements of Section 904.02 b . The procedure for determining the FAA value is described in Method A of AASHTO T 304.

#### PDF Standard Test Method for Resistance to Degradation of

Precision and Bias12.1 For nominal 19.0-mm 3 ⁄4-in. maximum size coarse aggregate with percent losses in the range of 10 to 45 % the multilaboratory coefficient of variation has been found to be 4.5 %. 6 Therefore results of two properly conducted tests from two different laboratories on samples of the same coarse aggregates are not

#### Aggregate Impact Value - Civil Engineering

The apparatus used for determining aggregate impact value of coarse aggregates is Impact testing machine conforming to IS: 2386 Part IV - 1963IS Sieves of sizes – 12.5mm 10mm and 2.36mm A cylindrical metal measure of 75mm dia. and 50mm depth A tamping rod of 10mm circular cross section and 230mm length rounded at one end and Oven.

#### Flakiness And Elongation Index TEST Of Coarse Aggregate

The collected aggregate sample should have at least 200 numbers of individual aggregate for accurate test results from each range of IS sieve. We take a range of aggregate samples retained on 6.3 mm IS Sieve. Separate test can be conducted on each range of Sieve . Take the weight of the total aggregate sample collected for tests as W1.

#### Aggregate Impact Value Testing AIV TEST Civil Engineering

IV test is conducted to determine the Aggregate Impact Value of Coarse aggregate. The aggregate impact value gives a relative measure of the resistance of an aggregate to sudden shock or impact which in some aggregates differs from Its resistance to a slow compression load. The Indian Standard CODE IS 2386 Part IV – 1963 is used for

#### Concrete Elastic Modulus For Various Aggregate Types

The value of compressive strength of normal concrete increases with the maximum size of coarse aggregates. The content of the coarse aggregates has a great influence on the compressive strength of both normal and high strength concrete and increase in compressive strength is succeeded.

#### Coarse Aggregate Specific Gravity - Pavement Interactive

Coarse aggregate apparent specific gravity. Coarse aggregate absorption. Specifi ions. There are no minimum or maximum specific gravity or absorption values in Superpave mix design. Rather specific gravity is an aggregate quality needed to make required volume calculations. Some state agencies specify minimum aggregate specific gravities or

#### Concrete Aggregates - Function Properties Characteristics

Coarse aggregate is used to describe particles larger than 4.75 mm and the term fine aggregate is used for particles smaller than 4.75mm. Fine aggregates contain particles in the size range 75 µm to 4.75 mm and coarse aggregates from 4.75 to about 40 mm except for mass concrete which may contain particles up to 150 mm.

#### Aggregate Impact - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

The range of values given by Shetty 46 for some natural aggregates – aggregate crushing value 12–33% and aggregate impact value 10–34% – signify that natural aggregates are generally stronger and more shock-resistant than periwinkle shell and cockle shell.

#### PDF Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregates with

crushing strength impact value and water absorption value as co mpared to normal concrete. 2. Use of recycled coarse aggregate up to 20% did not affect the functional requirement of

#### Synergistic effect of steel fibres and coarse aggregates on

3.3.1. Coarse aggregate effect. When coarse aggregates are introduced into UHPFRC system the powder consumption tends to decrease while the interfaces around the coarse aggregates could become the weakest part and be the inherent flaws . Therefore the effect of coarse aggregates on impact resistance static properties and economic benefit

#### Coarse Aggregate: Definition and Density - Video and Lesson

typical range for natural coarse aggregate is 2.4 to 2.9 meaning that the coarse aggregate is 2.4 to 2.9 times the density of water. Impact of pH on LeChatelier& 39;s Principle; Handling Real

#### UNDERSTANDING PYRRHOTITE IN CONCRETE : Concrete Facts

Fine and coarse aggregates comprise the largest portion of concrete commonly 60 percent to 75 percent by volume. It is in the coarse aggregates that pyrrhotite is most concerning in regard to durability. Reactive Aggregates in Concrete. Pyrrhotite expansion can be considered an aggregate durability issue CSA 2014 .

#### Standard Speciﬁ ion for Concrete Aggregates1

4.2.2 Whether the order is for ﬁne aggregate or for coarse aggregate 4.2.3 Quantity in metric tons or tons 4.2.4 When the order is for ﬁne aggregate: 4.2.4.1 Whether the restriction on reactive materials in 7.3 applies 4.2.4.2 In the case of the sulfate soundness test see 8.1 which salt is to be used. If none is stated either sodium

#### AGGREGATE IMPACT VALUE IS:2386-Part IV-1963 - CivilBlog.Org

Objective For determination of the aggregate impact value of coarse aggregate which passes 12.5 mm. IS sieve and retained on 10 mm. IS sieve. Reference Standards IS: 2386 Part IV -1963 Methods of test for aggregate for concrete Part IV Mechanical Properties. Equipment and Apparatus Aggregate Impact Test Machine Sieves 12.5mm10mm Cylindrical metal measure Tamping Rod Balance …

#### An Experimental Study on Partial Replacement for Coarse

used as one such alternative for coarse aggregate. Owing to scarcity of coarse aggregate for the preparation of concrete partial addition of E-waste with coarse aggregate was attempted. The work was conducted on M25 grade mix. The addition of coarse aggregate with E-waste in the range of 0% 32% 34% 36% and 38%. Finally the

#### Aggregate Testing Ten Percent fine value of Coarse

DETERMINATION OF TEN PERCENT FINES VALUE OF COARSE AGGREGATE. Test standard: IS 2386 -Part IV: 1963 Purpose of Test: Ten percent fines value is a measure of the resistance of aggregate crushing subjected to loading and it is applicable to both weak and strong aggregate.

#### ASTM C127 - 15 Standard Test Method for Relative Density

5.4 Absorption values are used to calculate the change in the mass of an aggregate due to water absorbed in the pore spaces within the constituent particles compared to the dry condition when it is deemed that the aggregate has been in contact with water long enough to satisfy most of the absorption potential.

#### Aggregate - coarse aggregates testing and limits

Recommended Aggregate Impact Test Values Aggregate Impact Value Classifi ion <20% Exceptionally Strong 10 – 20% Strong 20-30% Satisfactory for road surfacing >35% Weak for road surfacing 50. AGGREGATE CRUSHING VALUE I.S. 2386-PART 4 Aggregate crushing value test on coarse aggregates gives a relative measure of the resistance of an

#### impact value as per is code of coarse aggregate limits

GREGATE IMPACT VALUE This test is done to determine the aggregate impact value of coarse aggregates as per IS: 2386 Part IV – 1963. The apparatus used for determining aggregate impact value of coarse aggregates is Impact testing machine conforming to IS: 2386 Part IV - 1963IS Sieves of sizes – 12.5mm 10mm and 2.36mm A cylindrical

#### A STUDY ON RECYCLED CONCRETE AGGREGATES

moderately high values of water absorption crushing value impact value and abrasion value. Furthermore similar to concrete containing natural aggregate tensile strength of recycled aggregate concrete containing recycled concrete aggregate mainly depends on compressive strength. Chaurpagar.et.al. 2004 the author investigated physica l and

#### EFFECTS OF AGGREGATE TYPE SIZE AND CONTENT ON CONCRETE

There has not been much research on the effects of coarse aggregate content on the fracture energy of concrete. One study conducted by Moavenzadeh and Kuguel 1969 found that fracture energy increases with the increase in coarse aggregate content. Since cracks must travel around the coarse aggregate particles the area of the

#### DETERMINATION OF AGGREGATE IMPACT VALUE - YouTube

In this video we will see the procedure of determining aggregate impact value as per IS 2386 PART4.

#### Aggregates for Concrete

coarse aggregate. There are several reasons for specifying grading limits and nominal maximum aggregate size; they affect relative. 82. Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures EB001. Fig. 5-4. Range of particle sizes found in aggregate for use in concrete. 8985 Fig. 5-5. Making a sieve analysis test of coarse aggregate in a laboratory. 30175

#### Concrete Mix Ratio Types Proportioning of - Civil Lead

The values of fineness modulus more than this value make the concrete harsh while a lesser value leads to an uneconomical mix. The relation gives the proportion of the amount of fine aggregate W to be mixed with one part of the coarse aggregate. W = Pc – Pm / Pm – P f Where. Pc = Fineness modulus of coarse aggregate

#### Specific Gravity of Coarse Aggregates: Its Importance and Test

Coarse aggregate occupies 70% to 80% of the volume of concrete. Aggregates are the material that the cement paste coats and binds together. The quality of aggregates imposes a significant impact on the properties of concrete like workability strength weight durability etc.

#### Aggregate Properties

Typically coarse aggregate sizes are larger than 4.75 mm 5 mm in British code while fine aggregates form the portion below 4.75 mm. A maximum size up to 40 mm is used for coarse aggregate in most structural appli ions while for mass concreting purposes such as dams sizes up to 150 mm may be used.

#### Pavement materials: Aggregates

The aggregate impact test is carried out to evaluate the resistance to impact of aggregates. Aggregates passing 12.5 mm sieve and retained on 10 mm sieve is filled in a cylindrical steel cup of internal dia 10.2 mm and depth 5 cm which is attached to a metal base of impact testing machine.

#### A study on types and quality of aggregates used in building

impurities for fine aggregate and flakiness index elongation index aggregate impact value aggregate crushing value 10%fines value and Los Angeles abrasion value for coarse aggregate. It was seen that the most widely used aggregate types in Sri Lanka during the last two years were crushed rock as coarse aggregate and river sand as fine

#### The Effect of Aggregate Size on The Strength of Concrete

The combined aggregate 10mm and 5 mm size can achieve compressive strength up to 160 Mpa at 28 days 3 . Mineral content in coarse aggregate also influence to the bond strength of the aggregate-concrete mix. Normal concrete compressive strength at 28 days for the granite aggregate is 30 MPa 4 . Aggregate